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13 December 2017

Legal Reservation: Apa Terjemahannya?


Di forum tanya-jawab situs web penerjemahan internasional, salah seorang penerjemah mengajukan pertanyaan sebagai berikut:

Dalam Perjanjian Fasilitas Pinjaman Luar Negeri, pada bagian definisi sbb:

"Legal Reservations" means:
(a) the principle that equitable remedies may be granted or refused at the discretion of a court, the limitations imposed by laws relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, liquidation, reorganisation, court schemes, moratoria, administration, judicial management and other laws generally affecting the rights of creditors or (as the case may be) secured creditors;


(b) the time barring of claims under any limitation acts or Applicable Law, the possibility that an undertaking to assume liability for or to Indemnify a person against non-payment of UK stamp duty may be void and defences of set-off or counterclaim;


(c) similar principles, rights and defences under the laws of any Relevant Jurisdiction; and


(d) any general principles of law limiting a person's obligations and/or any other qualifications or reservations which are specifically referred to in any legal opinion delivered pursuant to this agreement.


Jawaban:
Setelah melihat konteks penggunaan istilah tsb, sebagai penerjemah saya mengusulkan:

legal reservation = pembatasan hukum

Usulan didasarkan pada sejumlah rujukan berikut:

Legal Reservation means any qualifications as to matters of law set out in any legal opinion delivered under paragraph 6 of Part I of Schedule 2 (Conditions Precedent to Initial Utilisation).
https://www.lawinsider.com/dictionary/legal-reservation

Kualifikasi = 4 n pembatasan; penyisihan (dalam olahraga)
https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/kualifikasi

2. a qualification to an expression of agreement or approval; a doubt.
"some generals voiced reservations about making air strikes"
https://www.google.co.id/search?rlz=1C1CHBD_enID722ID722&ei=...

Reservation = condition, stipulation, restriction
http://www.thesaurus.com/browse/reservation?s=t

Jadi, menurut rujukan di atas:

reservation = qualification (kualifikasi), dan

kualifikasi = pembatasan

Makna reservation = pembatasan juga didukung oleh rujukan lainnya seperti di atas.

Karena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa:

legal reservation = pembatasan hukum, yaitu pembatasan dalam pemberlakuan suatu ketentuan hukum.



Hipyan Nopri, S.Pd.
Penerjemah Dokumen Hukum Inggris-Indonesia
Juga Melayani Penerjemahan Dokumen 
Keuangan, Kedokteran, Kimia, Pertanian, dll.
Medan, Sumatera Utara 

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